Bienvenido! - Willkommen! - Welcome!

Bitácora Técnica de Tux&Cía., Santa Cruz de la Sierra, BO
Bitácora Central: Tux&Cía.
Bitácora de Información Avanzada: Tux&Cía.-Información
May the source be with you!

Tuesday, July 31, 2012

Access Linux partitions from Windows

Three Ways To Access Linux Partitions (ext2/ext3) From Windows On Dual-Boot Systems
If you have a dual-boot Windows/Linux system, you probably know this problem: you can access files from your Windows installation while you are in Linux, but not the other way round. This tutorial shows three ways how you can access your Linux partitions (with ext2 or ext3 filesystem) from within Windows: Explore2fs, DiskInternals Linux Reader, and the Ext2 Installable File System For Windows. While the first two provide read-only access, the Ext2 Installable File System For Windows can be used for read and write operations.
I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Explore2fs
In Windows, open a browser and go to Download the latest explore2fs zip file...

... and unpack it. In the new folder, you'll find the explore2fs executable. Double-click on it to start it:

The Explore2fs filebrowser starts; you can now browse your Linux partitions and copy&paste files to your Windows partition:

2 DiskInternals Linux Reader
Go to and download and install the DiskInternals Linux Reader.

After the installation, the Linux Reader starts automatically and scans your hard drive for Linux partitions:

Afterwards, you can find your Windows and Linux partitions in the Linux Reader (which looks like the Windows Explorer):

Now you can browse your Linux partitions:

To copy a file/directory from a Linux partition to your Windows partition, right-click on the file/directory and select Save:

Then select the folder on your Windows partition where you want to store the file/directory:

The DiskInternals Linux Reader can be started from the normal start menu:

3 Ext2 Installable File System For Windows
The Ext2 Installable File System For Windows (which supports ext2 and ext3!) can be downloaded from During the installation you will be asked to assign a drive letter to your Linux partitions (e.g. L:); you don't need to assign a drive letter to your swap partition:

After the installation, you can find your Linux partition(s) in the normal Windows Explorer (under the drive letter that you assigned to it during the installation):

You can now browse and use your Linux partition(s) like a normal Windows partition.

As mentioned in the introduction of this article, the Ext2 Installable File System For Windows supports read and write operations on the Linux partitions. In order to test if the write support really works, we can try to create an empty folder on a Linux partition. Right-click on an empty area on the Linux partition and select New > Folder:

Enter a name for the new folder (e.g. test):

If everything goes well, you should now have a new folder on your Linux partition.
4 Links

Thursday, July 26, 2012

Android 2.2 ff and Samsung Corby
Samsung Galaxies Samsung-Galaxy-5_id4641/manual
How To Upgrade the Android Market To Version 3.1.3
Android 4.1, JellyCyanogenMod Installation Guide for Galaxy 5
Posted by on May 31, 2012 Comments 111 comments
Hey Guys, This is Guide to flash CyanogenMod 7/9 on your Galaxy5 via MAD Team’s new ROM Manager app – MAD Manager.
You need to flash ClockworkMod Recovery first, before you can flash any Custom ROMs on your device. What is ClockworkMod?: ClockworkMod – also known as Clockwork and CWM – is a custom recovery for Android phones and tablets that allows you to perform several advanced recovery, restoration, installation and... Read More
Rooting Samsung Galaxy Europa
[rooting another models and marks]
One out of ten phones have a chance of getting bricked or have some problems of restarting.
Be sure to remove the sim and sd card before flashing.
Remaining is that there is a risk always involved.

key in *#*#7780#*#*
 Imagine you buying a computer for yourself and not having full access to it.
Rooting gives you full access to your phone and allows you to tweak it according to your tastes.
rooting (android OS)

android rooting
Glossary of Rooting Terms
  • Root: Rooting means you have root access to your device—that is, it can run the sudo command, and has enhanced privileges allowing it to run apps like Wireless Tether or SetCPU. You can root either by installing the Superuser application—which many of the below root processes include—or by flashing a custom ROM that has root access included.
  • ROM: A ROM is a modified version of Android. It may contain extra features, a different look, speed enhancements, or even a version of Android that hasn't been released yet. We won't discuss ROMs in depth here, but if you want to use one once you're rooted, you can read more about doing that here.
  • Flash: Flashing essentially means installing something on your device, whether it be a ROM, a kernel, or something else that comes in the form of a ZIP file. Sometimes the rooting process requires flashing ZIP file, sometimes it doesn't.
  • Bootloader: Your bootloader is the lowest level of software on your phone, running all the code that's necessary to start up your operating system. Most bootloaders come locked, which keeps you from rooting your phone. Unlocking your bootloader doesn't root your phone directly, but it does allow you to root, then flash custom ROMs if you so desire.
  • Recovery: Your recovery is the software on your phone that lets you make backups, flash ROMs, and perform other system-level tasks. The default recoveries can't do much, but you can flash a custom recovery—like ClockworkMod—after you've unlocked your bootloader that will give you much more control over your device. This is often an integral part of the rooting process.
  • ADB: ADB stands for Android Debug Bridge, and it's a command line tool for your computer that can communicate with an Android device you've connected to it. It's part of the Android Software Developers Kit (SDK). Many of the root tools below use ADB, whether you're typing the commands yourself or not. Unless the instructions call for installing the SDK and running ADB commands, you won't need to mess with it—you'll just need to know that it's what most of the tools use to root your phone.
  • S-OFF: HTC phones use a feature called Signature Verification in HBOOT, their bootloader. By default, your phone has S-ON, which means it blocks you from flashing radio images—the code that manages your data, Wi-Fi, and GPS connections. Switching your phone to S-OFF lets you flash new radios. Rooting doesn't require S-OFF, but many rooting tools will give you S-OFF in addition to root access, which is nice.
  • RUU and SBF: ROM Upgrade Utilities (for HTC phones) and System Boot Files (for Motorola phones) are files direct from the manufacturer that change the software on your phone. RUU and SBF files are how the manufacturers deliver your over-the-air upgrades, and modders often post leaked RUU and SBF files for flashing when the updates haven't been released yet. They're also handy when downgrading your phone, if a rooting method isn't available for the newest software version yet. You can flash RUUs right from your HTC phone, but Motorola users will need a Windows program called RSD Lite to flash SBF files.
Rooting Methods
Here you'll find what we think are the best rooting methods for the 10 most popular phones among Lifehacker readers.
Just because your phone isn't listed doesn't mean it isn't rootable (in fact, some of the above methods might work on other phones).
Pete's rooting tool, which roots the Droid X and Motorola Atrix, also roots a number of other Motorola phones, from the Cliq to the Droid2 and 3 to the Droid Bionic. Similarly, HTC's official unlocking method will unlock the bootloader of nearly any HTC phone, though you'll need to look up more information on how to flash a recovery to your specific device. It also isn't the easiest method, so if your phone has a one-click tool available, it's usually better to use that because it's quicker, will give you S-OFF, and won't leave a digital "watermark" on your phone that permanently voids your warranty. Lastly, SuperOneClick is a great one-click app that roots a ton of phones, especially older ones, so do a bit of googling and see if it works for yours—because it's just about the easiest root method out there.

The best way to research your phone, though, would be to check out the All Things Root section of your phone's forum at Android Forums. If you find your phone's subforum and click on All Things Root, there's almost always a sticky post with info on rooting methods, ROMs, and other special troubleshooting tips that could apply to your specific phone. Looking up your phone on the XDA Developers forums is always a great idea too, and the CyanogenMod Wiki often has lots of information on rooting and flashing ROMs as well (even if you aren't flashing CyanogenMod). With a bit of research, you should be able to find at least one guide that works for your specific device.
Samsung Galaxy 5 Europa
Samsung i5500.jpg
Manufacturer Samsung
Series Samsung Galaxy
Compatible networks
First released August 2010; 22 months ago
Availability by country August 2010
Successor Samsung Galaxy Mini
Related Samsung Corby
Form factor Slate
  • 108 mm (4.3 in) H
  • 56 mm (2.2 in) W
  • 12.3 mm (0.48 in) D
Weight 102 g (3.6 oz)
Operating system Android 2.1 Eclair or 2.2.2 Froyo; upgradable to 2.3.7 Gingerbread or 4.0.4 Ice Cream Sandwich via CyanogenMod ports
CPU MSM7227-1 ARM11 600 MHz, overclockable to 768 MHz
GPU Adreno 200
Memory 256 MB (Accessible: 184 MB) SDRAM
  • 512 MB (Accessible: 184 MB)
  • up to 32 GB microSD card
Removable storage microSD
Battery 1200 mAh Li-ion
Data inputs
Display 2.8 in (71 mm) 240 x 320 px QVGA 16M color
Rear camera 2.0 Megapixels fixed focus, face detection, panorama mode
Compatible media formats
  • Audio MP3, AAC, AAC+, eAAC+ ,Ogg Vorbis
  • Video MP4, H.264, H.263
Ringtones & notifications MP3, WAV, vibrate
SAR 0.65 W/kg (head)[1]
The Samsung i5500, also named Samsung Galaxy 5, Samsung Galaxy Europa, Samsung Galaxy 550, Samsung i5503, and Samsung Corby Android in some countries, is a smartphone. As of 2011, it is the lowest cost mobile phone made by Samsung that uses the open source Android operating system (OS). It was announced on 15 June 2010.[2][3]
The phone measures 108 millimetres (4.3 in) x 56 millimetres (2.2 in) x 12.3 millimetres (0.48 in). It ships with Android 2.1 Eclair (or 2.2 Froyo) operating system and supports the HSDPA ("3.5G") mobile telephony protocol at 7.2 Mbit/s. The user interface features a capacitive touchscreen but does not support multi-touch as found on high end smartphones. The 2.8 inches (71 mm) screen supports QVGA (240 x 320 pixels) resolution with a 16M color depth. The communication features include Bluetooth, 3G, Wi-Fi and A-GPS.
When originally released, the phone came with Android 2.1 as the preinstalled OS. As of August 2011, most phones are shipping with Android 2.2 Froyo. Most carriers allow an update from Android 2.1 to 2.2 via the Samsung Kies software package, that is bundled with the phone. Froyo brought many new features to the phone, including voice dialling.
Unofficially, the phone can run up to Android 2.3.7 Gingerbread or 4.0.4 ICS via two different ports of CyanogenMod made by the same group.[4] At this time, these two ports have, together, over 50,000 installations at Samsung i5500 devices.[5]
List of Android devices

  1. ^ "Samsung I5500 Galaxy 5 - Full phone specifications". Retrieved 15 May 2012.
  2. ^ Haselton, Todd (15 June 2010). "Samsung outs i5500 Galaxy 5 Android smartphone".
  3. ^ Westaway, Luke (4 October 2010). "Samsung Galaxy Europa GT-i5500 review". CNET. CBS Interactive Ltd.
  4. ^ "MADTeam: A Site Dedicated To Android". Retrieved 25 June 2012., CyanogenMod port official page, Samsung i5500
  5. ^ "CyanogenMod Stats". Retrieved 25 June 2012.

Instagram and related apps on android OS instaframe-for-instagram

One of the main missing features that many bloggers have pointed out is the lack of ability to save a photo to your SD card after applying a filter. But, I'm here to tell you how to do that.
Step 1) Open Instagram and take (or import) a photo.
Let's use a typical hipster subject: Converse All-Stars.
Step 2) Apply whichever filter and/or effects you like.
Step 3) Click the "next symbol" and a "Processing..." dialog will show up.
Step 4) The photo is now saved to your SD card.
You can back out of the app (press back several times or press home) and go to your gallery.
There you can find a folder titled "Instagram" that has your photo.
Voila! It's there for you to do whatever you want with it, without having to post it to Instagram.

Friday, July 20, 2012



Cliente OpenVPN vistoso y funcional

Viscosity es uno de los clientes VPN más aparentes que existen en Mac. Ahora llega a Windows para facilitarte la conexión remota en todo tipo de ordenadores.
Viscosity llama la atención por su interfaz, que va al grano y presenta las opciones justas bien organizadas. Eso no quiere decir que te falten opciones de seguridad y autentificación, pudiendo elegir entre cuatro tipos de protocolos.
También destaca en Viscosity el aporte a administradores de redes, ya que de manera clara expone las gráficas para monitorizar el tráfico de red.
En definitiva, Viscosity recoge el testigo de uno de los mejores clientes de su categoría en Mac y lo adapta a Windows conservando todas sus virtudes, esto es, multitud de opciones de configuración en un entorno sencillo de controlar.
  • Aspecto claro y vistoso
  • Multitud de opciones de configuración
  • Monitoreo de tráfico de red
  • Ciertas incompatibilidades con XP

Comodo Unite now-available-for-download
Log into the Unite web interface at

Previously known as EasyVPN, Comodo Unite (free) allows users to easily create a Virtual Private Network for a group of computers to share files and applications over an encrypted connection. Users can create secure, private networks with friends, family and work colleagues and share files, applications, and desktops. They can also collaborate online and chat over secure instant messaging sessions.
Comodo United doesn't provide enterprise-grade VPN like those offered by Cisco and Juniper, but it's not intended to. It's reliable enough to establish a secure network between a handful of users without making the process too complicated and gives users a secure way to communicate with remote computers, making this our Editors' Choice for non-enterprise VPN clients.
Like LogMeIn Hamachi, Comodo Unite makes it easy for users to connect to trusted computers via a virtual LAN. Users register an account with the Comodo servers before they can create the virtual networks on the fly. All the data being transferred are protected with 128-bit SSL encryption.
Getting Started
Creating a VPN with Comodo Unite is amazingly easy. I downloaded Unite onto all the computers I wanted to connect and installed the client software on each one.
When I launched the software, it prompted me to register a free account on Comodo's servers. Since I was testing Comodo Unite on three machines, I created three accounts, one from each client tool. Once I authenticated against the Comodo Unite servers, I saw a little window that resembled an instant messaging client on my desktop. It’s also possible to create the account on Comodo Unite’s Website.
The client interface has an "Information panel" where it displayed the IP address it received from Comodo, along with the username, connection status, and any third-party Instant Messaging services I may have connected to. The interface had four menu options: File, Contacts, Networks, Tools and Help. The information panel is also where I can see all my known Unite contacts and networks.
The options to create, join, and manage the private network are under the Networks menu, which is different from the Networks tab on the information panel. This confused me the first few times I was trying to follow along with the online User Guide.
On machine #1 (M01), I selected the "Create New Network" option to create my new VPN group and assigned a password. On machines #2 (M02) and #3 (M03), I selected “Join a network” from the Network menu and entered the VPN name and password I’d just created. I could also invite users directly into my network, or use the management interface on the Web to manually add users ahead of time.
P2P or Relay?
Since users have to log in to Comodo servers and receive an IP address before they could connect to a private network, I wondered if Unite was a true peer-to-peer tool. Were the computers establishing a p2p connection with each other, or was all the traffic first passing through Comodo servers? The answer, apparently, is both.
Comodo's server acts as a central point for PCs on private networks to find out about each other, according to Comodo's product group manager. Once they know of each other's existence, they try to establish a p2p connection. If the p2p connection fails, then the server steps into relay data between the connected machines.  Even when passing through the relay, the contents remain encrypted for maximum privacy.
The connection type shows up on the client interface under the Network tab on the information panel. The words “direct” (p2p) or “relay” appears next to the IP address of the remote computer. Even knowing where to look, it took me a few minutes to find it.
This piece of information should be a little easier to find, or somehow made more prominent so that users can tell at a glance what type of connection the app is making.
The fact that the computers may connect to Comodo’s servers before connecting to each other may be a problem for users looking for a true p2p session. For most people, though, this is good enough. vpn-opensource


  • Easily create virtual private networks
  • Gain 'remote access' to your PCs
  • Securely chat with multiple users
  • Set up a multi-player gaming session
  • Share files, photos, and more
Notice for EasyVPN users: EasyVPN is now Comodo Unite. EasyVPN users should upgrade to Comodo Unite and can login with existing UN/PW. All previous settings, contacts and networks will be carried over.
Comodo Unite x64 prod=secure-messaging

  • Crear una red VPN privada es muy fácil
  • Envío de archivos, chat, control remoto
  • Cifrado de 128 bits y medidor de seguridad
  • Compatible con otros programas de chat
  • Interfaz poco atractiva
  • Sin traducciones

Monday, July 16, 2012

"Circular Kernel Context Logger" failed to start

Session "Circular Kernel Context Logger" failed to start with the following error: 0xC0000035
Event ID 2
0xC0000035 stands for STATUS_OBJECT_NAME_COLLISION, which means two objects names collide.
First of all, before going further you should confirm that the logger is actually working:
  1. Open Control Panel -> System -> Administrative Tools -> Performance Monitor.
  2. Under Data Collector Sets -> Event Trace Sessions, verify that the Context Logger is running.
If it is running, there isn't really a problem; so you should just filter or ignore the error and move on.
If there is however a problem, you can try some suggestions or analyze the prolem in more details:
  1. Check what happens with the log files by using Process Monitor and look at C:\PerfLogs\Admin and also pay noitce for any other failing operations when you restart the Context Logger yourself.
  2. Use API Monitor and hook into the object name related functions or modules, this requires research...
I found this worked for a number of people:
ipconfig /flushdns ipconfig /release /all they rebooted, but ipconfig /renew should work
They reported no errors after that.
Session "Circular Kernel Context Logger" failed to start with the following error: 0xC0000035:
Windows version: Windows 7 64bit
If you are getting this message do as follows:
  1. Start
  2. click All Programs, and then click Accessories.
  3. Right-click Command Prompt, and then click Run as administrator.
  4. Type powercfg -h on and then press ENTER.

Saturday, July 7, 2012

AVI Video subtitles

*.srt files with the same name as the *.avi file
Install VobSub, its a directshow filter for subtitles, will automatically play subs in most media players. I believe it is part of the k-lite codec pack.
After installing VobSub, make sure the sub files are the same name as the movie and in the same directory. Just play the movie in windows media player and the subs will show automatically.
Adding subtitles to any .avi file

Here is a quick and simple guide to add subtitles to any .avi file that you would like to have harcoded subtitles.
Introduction and Requirements Here are the tools you will need to succesfully complete this guide:
SRT-SSA Converter
VirtualDub Subtitler Plug-in
If you dont already have the subtitle files on your computer, you can find some here:
Getting Started

How to Add Subtitles to AVI Video – A Tutorial
February 27th, 2008 by akishore
Recently, I downloaded a video off the Internet that was in Hindi and needed to add English subtitles to the video so that I could share it with some friends. I checked out Windows Movie Maker, which is installed by default in Windows XP SP2 and has the ability to overlay text on video, but the feature set was very poor and it was nearly impossible to control where the subtitles showed up, for how long, and in what kind of format.
Another problem with Windows Movie Maker is that you can’t create subtitles that show up as an option in DVD players, it’s either there or not. After doing some research, I found that the best way to add subtitles to a video semi-professionally is to use a combination of programs, one that specializes in creating high-quality subtitles that match your video exactly and another program that takes a subtitle file and a video and combine them together.
So here’s a guide that will teach you  how to add subtitles to videos for free and hopefully not make you completely frustrated! As a prerequisite, you should have some basic technical knowledge of computers and software.
To get started, you first need to download and install several applications. It may seem like a lot of applications, but anywhere tutorial you search for adding subtitles to videos will include most of these apps. Luckily, there is one program that combines many of the separate apps into one, thus making it a lot simpler to use.
Download and unzip Subtitle Workshop
Download and installed Auto Gordian Knot
When you install Auto Gordian Knot, you’ll notice it brings up several install wizards, each corresponding to a separate application. Just keep installing! Don’t worry, the apps are not very large and do not load when you computer starts or anything like that.
Subtitle Workshop only needs to be unzipped to run, there is no install. Just double click on the SubtiteWorkshop4 icon. This is the first application we will start with. Subtitle Workshop will allow us to add as many subtitles as we want into our video and save that file out as a separate file (our video will remain unaltered at this point).
After you open Subtitle Workshop, click on File and choose New Subtitle.
subtitle workshop
Then go to the Video menu option and choose Open. Choose your video and click Ok and you video will appear in the top section and start playing. Go ahead and move the slide bar to the location where you want your first subtitle to appear and then click on the No. 1 subtitle in the center box.
To add your subtitle, begin typing your text into the text box at the bottom. You should see it appear on the video as you type. Now when you add subtitles, you’ll see that there is a Show and Hide section visible in the above screenshot. You have to type in the exact times that you want the subtitles to appear, it does not just pick it up from the location that you are in the video.
In order to get the current frame that you are in while playing the video, look at the right side of the screen below the video. You’ll see those numbers just like they are in the Show/Hide boxes. Just take the value from the top one and add that into the Show box. For example, I want my first subtitle to come up 5 seconds into the video and last 5 seconds.
subtitles video
So I can either type in 00:00:05:000 into the Show box or I can get down to a very specific frame by typing moving the slide bar to the exact location (or pausing at the exact time) and then copying the value shown at the top right into my box. Then simply adjust the Duration value to however long you want the subtitles to remain on the screen! It is defaulted to one, so just change it to 5 or whatever.
Once you have put all of your subtitles in, go ahead and click on File and then Save. In the Save as type box, scroll down to SubRip (.srt) and save the file in that format.
Now close out Subtitle Workshop and open up Auto Gordian Knot. For the Input File, browse and select your video. Next, press CNTRL + F8 and you’ll see a new option appear called External Subs. Go ahead and browse and select the SRT file we just saved out.
auto gordian knot
Now choose Target quality for Output size and choose a quality that suits you. I left it at 75 percent. Next click on Advanced Settings and choose XviD or DivX for the codec. If the process does not work for one, use the other codec and try again.
video subtitles
Now click Add Job and then click Start to get your subtitles added on to your video!
add job
The Log window on the left will detail out all of the processing that is going on with your file. It will also auto-load all of those other applications that it needs in order to burn your subtitles onto the video file. When you do this for the first time, you need to watch out for some license agreement that pops up and accept it otherwise it seems like the program is just stuck, when it’s really not! The program is very fast and you’ll see the Job Finished message when it’s complete.
add subtitles to video
And that’s it! As if that was very easy! Hopefully, with a little bit of playing around, you were able to get it to work. If not, start up a thread on this post and I’ll answer any comments I can! Enjoy your new subtitled video!