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Saturday, October 16, 2010

unable to find a system volume

"windows is unable to find a system volume that meets its criteria for installation"
Start with the installation DVD
UpperCase key + F10
change to hard drive who has the problem e. g.  d:x:\> d: d:\>diskpartDISKPART:\>CLEAN ALLRestart PC and install NT 6.1 OS
The following steps describe how to perform this task.
  1. Boot the computer using the Vista installation disk. You'll see Vista start up and Setup asks you for some basic information.
  2. Provide the Installation Language, Time and Currency Format, and Keyboard or Input Method. Click Next. Setup presents the main installation option. However, below this option is a link for the System Recovery Options.
  3. Click System Recovery Options. You'll see a number of system recovery options, including the option to open a command prompt.
  4. Click Command Prompt. Setup starts the familiar command processor. This process depends on the DiskPart utility, which lets you perform low-level manipulation of the hard drive. You can perform an amazing number of tasks, but the essential task, in this case, is creating the correct partition layout.
  5. Type DiskPart and press Enter. You'll see the DiskPart prompt. It's easy to obtain help at any time by typing Help and pressing Enter. DiskPart will display a list of commands you can execute.
  6. Type Select Disk 0 and press Enter. DiskPart tells you that it has selected the first disk on your hard drive. You always have to select a file system object before you can work with it when using DiskPart. Selecting a drive is always the first step in the process.
    WARNING: This next step is permanent. It removes the partition tables from the selected drive. Make sure you have saved any data you want to save on the drive before you execute this step. Make sure you have selected the correct drive.
  7. Type Clean and press Enter. DiskPart erases all of the partition information on the selected drive. This act cleans the hard drive completely; nothing remains behind.
  8. Type Create Partition Primary and press Enter. DiskPart creates a new primary partition on the hard drive. This act also selects the new partition automatically so that you can work with it.
  9. Type Assign Letter=C and press Enter. DiskPart assigns the letter C to the new partition.
  10. Type Shrink Minimum=2000 and press Enter. DiskPart shrinks the new partition by 2,000KB. This new area will hold the actual boot partition. You can increase this value to ensure the disk partition is large enough for updates later. In most cases, you'll want to set the value to at least 4,000 to ensure you can perform updates. Remember that Vista looks at the boot drive, not the data drive, as the basis for later updates.
  11. Type Create Partition Primary and press Enter. DiskPart creates a second new primary partition. This smaller partition will hold the boot files and won't be encrypted when you use BitLocker. DiskPart automatically selects this new partition so you can work with it. If you want to work with the first partition you created again, you must use the Select Partition 0 command.
  12. Type Active and press Enter. DiskPart makes the second partition the active partition—the one that the system uses for boot purposes.
  13. Type Assign Letter=D and press Enter. DiskPart assigns the letter D to the new partition.
    NOTE: The drive letter assignments are only suggestions. If you want to use C for the boot partition and D for the Vista partition, you can certainly do so. Likewise, you might choose to assign Z to the boot partition to keep it at the bottom of drive lists while working in Vista. The point is that you should assign the drive letters based on personal preference and your working habits.
  14. Type Exit and press Enter to exit DiskPart.
  15. Type Format /y /q /fs:NTFS C: to format the Vista partition. The Format utility formats the partition using NTFS.
  16. Type Format /y /q /fs:NTFS D: to format the boot partition.
  17. Type Exit and press Enter to close the command prompt.
  18. Click the Close button or press Alt+F4 to close the System Recovery Options window. You don't have to click Shut Down or Restart to restart the setup process; Setup already recognizes the new partitions you created.

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